Xamarin.Forms: Reopening application best pratices

If you have experienced that reopening your application from the phone’s app drawer or launcher is fails because it crashes your application, or displays the first set main page again instead of displaying the latest one, keep reading this article.

If you have crashes, or malfunctions, you are probably initializing something in the constructor of the App.xaml.cs, or in the overridden method called ‘OnStart’ like this:

        public App()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            InitalizeOnlyOnceClass.Initalize();
        }

        protected override void OnStart()
        {
            AnAnotherInitalizeOnlyOnceClass.Initalize();
        }

Imaginary InitalizeOnlyOnceClass’s Initialize method can be called only once, for the second call, it throws an exception. After you have started your program, sent to background, and bringing it back throws the second Initalization’s exception. This is because the App class gets constructed again when reopening application from the drawer.

To handle this, you should make a boolean for the application’s initialization progress.

        private static bool isInitalized;

        public App()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            if(isInitalized == false)
            {
                InitalizeOnlyOnceClass.Initalize();
            }
        }

If you receive a blank white screen, you are probably forget to set the Main Page

Make sure, that the Application.Current.MainPage always gets a value.
If you have implemented the Initialization by your self, or an another way, make sure you have handled correctly the else statement also.
Even if the application has been initialized once, the Application.Current.MainPage have to be set always when reconstructing the App.

Continue with the last page opened in the application

If you want to continue always with the last page opened, you need to store the last page always, when you are navigating from one to an another.

You can store the last page with making a class used for navigation, like this:

    public static class SimpleNavigationLogic
    {
        private static Xamarin.Forms.Page lastNavigatedPage;

        public static void ChangeMainPage(Xamarin.Forms.Page pageToSet)
        {
            Xamarin.Forms.Device.BeginInvokeOnMainThread(() =>
            {
                Application.Current.MainPage = pageToSet;
            });
            lastNavigatedPage = pageToSet;
        }

        public static void RestoreMainPage()
        {
            Xamarin.Forms.Device.BeginInvokeOnMainThread(() =>
            {
                Application.Current.MainPage = lastNavigatedPage;
            });
        }
    }

Than you can make the initialization for your application like this:

        public App()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            if(!isInitalized)
            {
                InitalizeOnlyOnceClass.Initalize();
                SimpleNavigationLogic.ChangeMainPage(new AwesomeMainPage());
            }
            else
            {
                SimpleNavigationLogic.RestoreMainPage();
            }
        }

Xamarin: How .NET MAUI will change the life of Xamarin.Forms development

.NET 6 and .NET MAUI is on the sill, but how will it affect the development of Xamarin applications?

For today, I have brought you a video by James Montemagno, a Xamarin developer working at Microsoft.

Follow James on the following platforms:

🌱 https://montemagno.com
🎙 https://mergeconflict.fm, https://blunders.fm, https://nintendodispatch.com
🦜 https://twitter.com/jamesmontemagno
🎥 https://youtube.com/jamesmontemagno

Xamarin.Android : Google Play app target level error solution

If you are uploading an application to the Google Play, and it gives the following error:

Your app currently targets API level 28 and must target at least API  level 29 to ensure it is built on the latest APIs optimized for security  and performance. Change your app's target API level to at least 29 

You have to change the target framework and the target android version in your androidmanifest.xml or in the UI editor of the manifest. To change it, set the Target Framework in the properties tab of your android application

Changing target framework

Then Navigate to Android Manifest option, and set target android version

Setting Target Android version

If you are re archive your application, it will upload successfully.

Xamarin.Android: Missing aapt.exe

When trying to deploy an application to simulator or device, Visual Studio gives the following error:

Cannot find `aapt.exe`. Please install the Android SDK Build-Tools package with the `C:\Program Files (x86)\Android\android-sdk\tools\android.bat` program.

To solve this problem you sould go to Visual Studio’s Tools then Android and select SDK Manager option.

Navigate to this option

It will give an error dialog, that the SDK tool files are corrupted. Click repair.

Click on Repair

The mentioned batch command in the error message is deprecated by the way.

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19042.804]
(c) 2020 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Users\banditoth>cd C:\Program Files (x86)\Android\android-sdk\tools\

C:\Program Files (x86)\Android\android-sdk\tools>android.bat
**************************************************************************
The "android" command is deprecated.
For manual SDK, AVD, and project management, please use Android Studio.
For command-line tools, use tools\bin\sdkmanager.bat
and tools\bin\avdmanager.bat
**************************************************************************

Invalid or unsupported command ""

Supported commands are:
android list target
android list avd
android list device
android create avd
android move avd
android delete avd
android list sdk
android update sdk

C:\Program Files (x86)\Android\android-sdk\tools>